Rosacea is a long-term skin condition that primarily affects the face. It causes skin redness as well as visible blood vessels to appear.

In some cases, it can also come with pus-filled and acne-like bumps.

Rosacea can happen to anyone. However, it’s more common among middle-aged people who have fair skin and Celtic and Scandinavian ancestry.


Generally, the symptoms of rosacea are categorized into 4 subtypes. Each subtype has its own set of symptoms as well as treatment.

Take note that it’s possible for a person to experience more than 1 subtype.

Subtype 1

This subtype is primarily marked by increased skin sensitivity. The face turns red and the skin becomes swollen.

Spider veins become visible and there’ll be a noticeable roughness and scaling, too. You’ll feel a burning and sting sensation every time you experience a flare up.

Subtype 2

Acne-like breakouts are the hallmark of this subtype. You’ll get pimple-like bumps on your skin that come and go.

You’ll get oilier skin, too, and the other signs of the first subtype.

Subtype 3

Subtype 3 isn’t that common. It’s marked by skin thickening, particularly on the areas of the nose, chin, cheeks and ears.

Subtype 4

This subtype involves the eyes. It’s usually characterized by having a gritty feeling in the eyes and having a bloodshot appearance.

Light sensitivity can happen as well as decrease vision.


The exact reason why rosacea happens is still unknown. However, there are a couple of factors experts believe to be the culprit.

This includes the following:

  • H.pylori
  • Genetics
  • Cathelicidin
  • Demodex

Apart from these, there are also factors in the environment that can trigger the condition. Here are a few examples:

  • Stress
  • Exposure to hot and cold weather
  • Alcohol
  • Caffeine
  • Spicy foods
  • Sun exposure
  • Intense exercise

Skin Care Routine For Rosacea

Establishing a skin care routine for rosacea is never a walk in the park. Because your skin is extra sensitive, you have to be careful in choosing the right products to incorporate in your routine.

Step 1: Cleanse

When cleansing your skin, it’s important to find products that won’t irritate your skin. Choose products that contain inflammation-fighting ingredients.

One of your good options include green tea. It has antioxidant properties that can heal as well as soothe your skin.

As much as possible, skip bar soaps as they have ingredients that can strip your skin’s oils. For a complete list of cleansers that will work for your skin concern, check out this list.

Use your fingertips when washing your face and rinse with lukewarm water. Avoid using hot or cold water as it can trigger irritation.

Step 2: Exfoliate

Exfoliation isn’t always recommended for rosacea. But, if you are considering buffing away those dead skin cells to avoid flaking, stay away from chemical peels and microdermabrasion treatments.

Choose gentle exfoliants, like the ones on this list.  

Step 3: Tone

Your skin care routine wouldn’t be complete without a toner. It’s a good product to invest in since it helps restore the skin’s pH level as well as its moisture.

In choosing the right toner for your skin type, avoid the ones that contain alcohol, strong essential oils and artificial fragrances.

Step 4: Using serums

Serums are great in soothing irritated skin and calming redness. Take note, however, that not all serums are formulated the same way.

To avoid triggering negative skin reactions, pick one that has ingredients with healing properties. Argan, rosehip and jojoba are great choices.

Applying topical products on damp skin can cause a mild stinging sensation on your skin. So, be sure to wait for your face to fully dry before applying anything.

Step 5: Moisturize

Using a moisturizer is a must for skin that’s affected by rosacea. The right moisturizer can create a barrier that can protect your skin against irritants, keeping those nasty symptoms at bay.

Pick a moisturizer with soothing ingredients and avoid those that have fragrance and oil. You can choose from this list if you’re feeling a little overwhelmed.

In case you’re using topical medications for your condition, apply them first after cleansing. Once they have been fully absorbed by the skin, you can use your moisturizer.

Step 6: Use sunscreen

Since sun exposure can cause flare ups, you need to practice sun safety and applying your sunscreen is one good way to start. Choose sunscreens with physical blockers, like titanium and zinc oxide, as they are less likely to irritate your skin.

Apply your sunscreen about 15 to 30 minutes before heading out. Make sure to apply generously and reapply as often as necessary.